유관순 열사 순국일 (1920. 9. 28)

 

 

천안시 병천면 용두리에서 태어난 유관순 열사

이화학당에 다니던 1919년 4월 1일 고향인 아우내 장터에서 독립만세 운동을 주도하다 체포돼 서대문형무소에서 옥고를 치르던 중 이듬해 1920년 9월 28일 19살의 나이로 순국했다.

 

하지만, 옥중에서도 다른 동료들을 격려하고 죽기전까지도 대한독립을 걱정하셨다고 하니 이런날을 맞아 우리가 다시 한번 되새기고 본받아야 하지 않을까요?

 

출생년도 : 1902년 12월 16일(충남 천안시)

 

 


WRITTEN BY
서울나그네
"독도는 우리땅" 이 아니라 "독도는 한국땅" 입니다. Dokdo is Koean Territory

트랙백  12 , 댓글  14개가 달렸습니다.
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    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

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  12. ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++幽默大全之外国卷
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    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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    “欺骗敌人是符合道德的,但欺骗自己人就不道德了。”苏格拉底反驳道:“当我军被
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    那人只好承认:“这种欺骗也是符合道德的。”
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    苏格拉底这才满意地笑起来,拉着那个人的手说:“您真是一个伟大的哲学家,您告诉
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    大圆圈和小圆圈 一次,古希腊哲学家捷诺的学生问他:“老师,您的知识比我们多许多倍,您回答的问
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    大圆圈的周长比小圆圈的长,因而我接触到的无知的范围比你们的多。这就是我为什么常常
    怀疑自己知识的原因。”


    点灯找人 古希腊犬儒学派哲学家第欧根尼(约公元前404—前323年)常常在大白天也点着灯走
    路。每当人们诧异地问他时,他便回答说:“我正在找人。”这是在讽刺当时社会上没有一
    个真正配得上“人”这一称呼的有德行的人。
    亚历山大大帝来到科林特市时,拜访了这位哲学家,并且对他说:“你有什么希望尽管
    讲,我可以满足你的一切要求。”第欧根尼爬进自己所住的酒桶,一边晒太阳,一边说:
    “只希望你让到一边,因为你遮住了照到我身上的阳光。”


    智救故乡 古希腊哲学家阿那克西米尼(公元前588—前525年)出生随亚历山大远征波斯,军队
    占领莱普沙克斯时,他急于想拯救他的故乡,使它免遭兵燹。
    一天,他为此进谒国王。可亚历山大早就知道了他的来意,未等他开口便说:“我对天
    发誓,决不同意你的请求。”
    “陛下,我请求您下令毁掉莱普沙克斯!”哲学家大声回答说。
    莱普沙克斯终因他的智慧幸免于难。


    机会均等 古希腊时期造就了许许多多的智者和名人,其中很大的一部分是雄辩家和演说家。
    狄摩西斯(公元前384—前322)就是一颗灿烂星辰,和他匹敌的另一个雅典人是福西
    昂将军。他俩不仅才气相当,辩力相若,而且所持论点总是相左。因此,他们的遭遇总能给
    人带来智慧的享受。
    一次,两人争得不可开交,狄摩西斯批评福西昂说:“无论何时,只要当雅典人怒火中
    烧时就会杀掉你。”
    福西昂则说:“可一旦他们头脑冷静时,就会对你绝不客气。”


    更大的荣耀 戴奥珍尼斯是古希腊有名的讽刺哲学家。有一天,他来到柏拉图家中。他从不穿鞋,两
    脚很脏,就这样在柏拉图的地毯上来回走动,并说:“我在践踏柏拉图引以为荣耀的东西。”
    柏拉图说:“这倒是真的,可是我得到了更大的荣耀。”


    不同之处 有人问哲学家亚里士多德:“你和平庸人有什么不同?”
    “他们活着是为了吃饭,而我吃饭是为了活着。”哲学家回答说。


    无所不在 庇希特拉图是希腊有名的哲学家。
    人们问他:“真理在哪里?”
    庇希特拉图说:“这还要说吗?真理无所不在。”


    一言不发 有个人在交际场合中一言不发,哲学家狄奥佛拉斯塔对他说:“如果你是一个傻瓜,那
    你的表现是最聪明的;如果你是一个聪明人,那你的表现便是最愚蠢的了。”


    一个人打赌 德国哲学家A·叔本华(1788—1860年)某年住在法兰克福的旅馆出租套房里。紧靠旅
    馆有一家小饭馆,他常去那里吃饭,那也是英国军事人员常去的地方。
    一个饭店侍从目睹了一件有趣的事:
    每次饭前,叔本华总要把一枚金币放在自己面前的桌上,饭后又把金币收回自己的口袋
    里。
    有一天,这位侍从忍不住问这位哲学家他在干什么。
    叔本华解释说:他每天在心里与那些军官们打赌,只要他们哪天一会儿除了马呀、狗
    呀、女人呀之外还能谈点别的话题,我就把金币放进教堂的施舍箱去。


    并非都来听布道 F·D·E·施莱艾尔马赫(1768—1834年),德国哲学家和神学家,他的神职工作做得
    尤其出色。
    有人称颂他的布道具有少有的广泛性,他的教义宣讲能吸引社会各个阶层的广大听众,
    不仅有大学生,还有妇女和各级官员。
    对此,施莱艾尔马赫解释说:“我的听众确实由学生、妇女和官员组成,学生们来是为
    了听我讲道,女人们来是为了看学生,而官员们来则是为了看女人。”


    挖苦尼采 19世纪德国唯心主义哲学家尼采(1844—1900年)对女性特别仇视,他一生不接触女
    人,曾经这样说过:“男子应受战争的训练,女子则应受再创造战士的训练。”又说:“你
    到女人那里去吗?可别忘了带上你的鞭子!”
    英国哲学家罗素(1872—1970年)对尼采的哲学极为不满,挖苦他说:“十个女人,
    有九个女人会使他把鞭子丢掉的,正因为他明白了这一点,所以他才要避开女人啊!”

    报复记者 罗素于1920年曾来过中国。可到中国后生了一场大病。病后,他拒绝任何报人的采
    访,一家对此很不满意的日本报刊谎登了罗素已去世的消息。后虽交涉,他们仍不愿收回此
    消息。
    在他回国的路上,罗素取道日本,这家报社又设法采访他。
    作为报复,罗素让他的秘书给每个记者分发印好的字条,纸上写着:“由于罗素先生已
    死,他无法接受采访。”

    人生的幸福 有一天,罗素的一位年轻朋友来看他。走进门后,只见罗素正双眼凝视房屋外边的花
    园,陷入了沉思。
    这位朋友问他:“您在苦思冥想什么?”
    “每当我和一位大科学家谈话,我就肯定自己此生的幸福已经没有希望。但每当我和我
    的花园谈天,我就深信人生充满了阳光。”


    独身的解释 着名的英国哲学家赫伯特·斯宾塞终身未娶。有一次他在路上遇到两个朋友。
    一个朋友问他:“你不为你的独身主义后悔吗?”
    斯宾塞愉快地答道:“人们应该满意自己所做出的决定。我为自己的决定感到满意。我
    常常这样宽慰我自己:在这个世界上的某个地方有个女人,因为没有做我的妻子而获得了幸
    福。”


    难成亲戚 英国着名的哲学家弗兰西斯·培根(1561—1626年)家里来了个不速之客。此人名叫
    荷克,是一名惯匪。法院正在对他进行侦讯起诉,看来非判死刑不可,他请培根救他一命。
    他的理由是:“荷克”(hog,意为“猪”)和培根(bacoh,意为“熏肉”)有亲属关系!
    培根笑着回答说:“朋友,你若不被吊死,我们是没法成为亲戚的;因为猪要死后才能变成
    熏肉!”

    相形见小 有一次,伊丽莎白女王巡幸到培根的府邸。由于女王生活在宅深墙高的宫庭大院里,平
    时也多来往于达官显贵们奢侈华贵的住宅,当她看到简朴普通的大法官的宅第时,不禁惊叹
    道:“你的住宅太小了啊!”
    培根站在女王身边,仔细端详了自己的房舍后,耸耸肩说:“陛下,我的住宅其实并不
    错,只是因为陛下抬举我,光临寒舍,才使它显得小了。”

    剽窃罪 约翰·海沃德爵士于1599年出版了着名的传记小说《亨利四世》。然而这几乎招来了
    他的杀身之祸。因为当时的伊丽莎白女王认为作者是借古讽今,含沙射影地抨击她的现行政
    策。
    女王很快召来了司法官员,建议以谋反罪对海沃德提起诉讼。
    培根读过此书并了解作者的良苦用心,他站起来表示异议,为作者开脱。他说:“我不
    敢说书里有谋反的证据,但毫无疑问,该书确有不少重罪的证据。”
    “何以见得?在什么地方?”女王急切地问。
    “在他从泰西塔斯(55—117年),古罗马历史学家)那儿剽窃来的好多段落中,便可
    找到这类罪证。”培根认真地回答说。


    河面上的告示 英国哲学家威廉·休厄尔(1794—1866年)是一位幽默能手。维多利亚女王时代,英
    国剑桥的卡姆河只是一条被用作城区排水的排水沟。有一次,女王访问剑桥,在河上的一座
    桥上停了下来,对簇拥着她的剑桥大学的要人说,河里漂着的废纸太多了。威廉·休厄尔接
    口说:“陛下,它们并不完全是废纸,它们的每一页上都写着告示,通知来访者这条河是不
    适于游泳的。”


    富翁的价值 英国哲学家、诗人贝恩斯(1823—1887年)在泰晤士河上看见一个富翁被人从河里救
    了起来。那个冒着生命危险营救富翁的穷人,竟只得到一个铜元的报酬。围观的人被这富翁
    的吝啬激怒了,要把他再扔到河里去。
    这时,贝恩斯立即上前阻止,说:“放了这位先生吧,他十分了解自己的价值!”


    无需再锦上添花 英国唯心主义哲学家休谟(1711—1776年)也是一位经济学家、历史学家。他晚年退
    休后,每年还能拿到1000英镑的退休金和印书稿费。他在爱丁堡图书馆做管理员时写的
    《大不列颠史》是一本重印多次的畅销书。周围的人劝他再写续集,一直写到当代。
    哲学家摊开两手说:“你们已经给了我太多的荣誉,先生们,但我不想再写了,理由有
    四点:我太老了,太胖了,太懒了,太富了。”

    剩下谁呢 休谟去逝前不久还出席过一次晚宴。宴会上一个客人抱怨世界充满了敌意,人跟人之间
    的对立太深了。老哲学家颇不以为然。“不,并非如你所说。”他语重心长地说,“你看,
    我以前写过能引起敌意的各种题目,道德的,政治的,经济的,还有宗教的,可除了辉格党
    人、托利党人以及基督教徒以外,我却没有任何敌人。”


    死而复生 一个边远省份的读者给法国哲学家、作家伏尔泰(1694—
    1778年)写了一封洋洋洒洒的长信,表示仰慕之情。
    伏尔泰回了信,感谢他的深情厚意。
    从那以后,每隔10来天,此人就给伏尔泰写封信。伏尔泰回信越来越短,终于有一
    天,这位哲学家再也忍耐不住,回了一封仅一行字的信:“读者阁下,我已经死了。”
    不料几天后,回信又到,信封上写着:“谨呈在九泉之下的、伟大的伏尔泰先生。”
    伏尔泰赶忙回信:“望眼欲穿,请您快来。”

    区 别 谁也没有料到,受人尊敬的大学问家伏尔泰竟参加了一个为人不齿的团伙的狂欢。他为
    自己找了一个很有说服力的理由。可第二天晚上,他们又邀请他参加。
    “噢,伙计,”伏尔泰神秘地说,“去一次,不失为一个哲学家;去两次,就跟你们同
    流合污啦。”

    岂可再乎 1717年,伏尔泰因为讥讽摄政王奥尔良公爵,被囚禁在巴士底监狱11个月之久。出狱
    后,吃够了苦头的哲学家知道此人冒犯不得,便去感谢他的宽宏大量,不计前嫌。摄政王深
    知伏尔泰的影响,也急于同他化干戈为玉帛。于是两人都讲了许多恰到好处的抱歉之辞。最
    后伏尔泰再一次表示感激说:“陛下,您真是助人为乐,为我解决了这么长时间的食宿问
    题,我衷心地再次向您表示感谢。可今后,您就不必再为这件事替我操心啦。”

    慢性毒药 伏尔泰的咖啡瘾很大,一生中喝了数量惊人的咖啡。有个好心人曾告诫他说:“别再喝
    这种饮料了,这是一种慢性毒药,你是在慢性自杀!”
    “你说得很对,我想它一定是慢性的。”这位年迈的哲学家说,“要不然,为什么我已
    经喝了65年还没有死呢。”

    错误的赞扬 性格放荡不羁并一贯讥讽当时大人物的伏尔泰,有一天将一名同辈作家赞扬了一番。他
    的一位朋友当即指出:“听到您这样慷慨地赞扬这位先生,我真遗憾。要知道,就是这位先
    生在背后经常说您的不是。”
    “这样看来,我们两个人都说错了。”伏尔泰说道。

    验明牧师正身 当伏尔泰到了84岁高龄卧床不起等待死神降临的时候,一位牧师自作多情,走到他的
    床边,为他祈祷忏悔——这是为垂死者订购天国飞机票或入场券的一贯作业。但是,这位老
    顽固非但不领情,反而追根究底,盘问起人家的身份来:
    “牧师先生,是谁叫你来的?”
    “伏尔泰先生,我受上帝的差遣来为你祈祷忏悔的。”
    “那么你拿证件给我看看,验明正身,以防假冒。”


    哲学语言 一个天气晴朗的下午,美国实用主义哲学家约翰·杜威(1859—1952年)和几位哲学
    界的同事在百老汇大街上闲逛。突然有人提议去看一场露天电影,刚才还在思考和讨论的头
    脑还未来得及细想,他们便举步向一家露天电影院走去。等这伙哲学家抵达了目的地,才开
    始意识到托马斯·鲍威尔的话:
    “电影要求黑暗,可黑暗在世界这个角落的白天里,并不那么猖獗。”


    哲学的责任 出生于俄国的美国哲学家莫里斯·拉斐尔·科恩(1880—1947年),在美国哲学界和
    教育界都很有声誉,曾任纽约学院和芝加哥大学哲学教授。
    一次,在他上完哲学导论课后,一名女学生向他抱怨:“科恩教授,听完您的课,我觉
    得您在我深信不疑的每一件事上都戳了一个孔,可又没有提供替代品来填补,我真有点无所
    适从了。”
    “小姐,”科恩严肃地说,“你该记得,大力神赫尔克里斯干过许多差事,他清洗了奥
    吉亚斯王的3000年未打扫的牛厩,难道非得再用什么把它填满吗?”
    -------------------
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